Public transportation provides many mobility, safety, and economic benefits to people and businesses. Beyond those key benefits, it also offers significant environmental advantages that contribute to a better quality of life.
“Public transportation reduces the number of cars in street (makes the alleviate traffic congestion wording more redundant), and thus helps improve air quality, alleviate traffic congestion, and noise,” says Federal Transit Administration (FTA) officials.
According to the FTA, Americans take 10 billion trips on public transportation each year.
FTA for Public Transportation
“Public transportation helps increase the productivity of labor by reducing travel time and out-of-the-pocket costs of commuters in congested areas,” according to FTA offcials.
Public transportation also benefits those not using it because it helps reduce energy consumption, greenhouse gases and other pollutants.
The number of buses using alternative fuels (any fuel other than diesel and gas) increased significantly in the past 10 years, according to FTA officials. Only 9% of national bus fleets used alternative fuels in 2000. This number increased to 29% by the 2009, with an increase by 24% in the total number of buses.
Diesel and gas accounted for nearly 90% of all fuel consumed by buses in 2000, but by 2009 this number had dropped to 75%.
“Transit agencies have been very active in the last several years purchasing vehicles propelled by alternative fuels,” says FTA officials.
Many smaller cities are operating their public transportation systems by 100% alternative fleets, says FTA officials.
LA LA Land of Mass Transit
There are more than 2,500 clean air Metro buses, mini buses, and commuter buses, light, heavy, and subway trains, van pools, and rideshare programs available to people in the Los Angeles area, says Helen Ortiz Gilstrap, communications manager for the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transit Authority (Metro).
Public transit services are not only available to residents living within the Los Angeles city limits.
“Both bus and rails systems reach a majority of the suburban areas,” Gilstrap says.
Gilstrap says it would be manageable for someone to live in the Los Angeles area without a car, and still have a way to get around.
“With the second largest transit property in the country, Metro’s system picks up over 1.5 million passengers per weekday,” Gilstrap says. “Metro also encourages and supports vanpooling and cycling as modes of transportation.”
Gilstrap says bike racks are available on all Metro buses.
Jorge Grillo, a 2009 graduate of the Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree program in Healthcare Administration at South University Online, says demographics are a big factor in a city’s public transportation system.
“A portion of the populace always benefits from public transportation” Grillo says.
He says the culture of a city has a lot to do with whether or not resident rely on public transportation to get around. “It depends on how spread out the city is and when they run,” Grillo says.
People that rely on public transportation to get around have to plan their lives out differently than those with access to a car, Grillo notes.
In addition to helping the environment and saving money, public transportation has other benefits.
Grillo says he made friends with people on a bus that he took regularly that he probably wouldn’t have met otherwise, although they lived relatively close to one another.
The Los Angeles Metro takes many different measures to ensure the safety of their riders.
“Metro contracts with the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department to have deputies patrol and ride the bus and rail system,” Gilstrap says. “Bomb sniffing dogs patrol all Metro train stations and transit hubs.”
Gilstrap says the Los Angeles Metro has security officers that monitor and patrol all Metro properties and stations and all buses and trains are equipped with surveillance cameras.
“Keeping the Metrorail and Metrobus system safe and clean are two top priorities for Metro,” says Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (Metro) spokeswoman Cathy Asato.
The Washington, D.C., Metro also has its own police force that works 24 hours a day to ensure the safety of their passengers, employees, and facilities, Asato says.
“We encourage our riders to report any suspicious, illegal, or unsafe activity or conditions to us,” Asato says.
“We also rely on our passengers and have used public awareness campaigns to remind riders to take their trash, newspapers, and other belongings with them” Asato adds.
Tags: public transportationmass transitair qualityalternative fuelssouth source
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
While some people choose to use public transportations, others prefer to use their own cars. It is believed that the excessive usage of personal cars has caused congestion problems in big cities and therefore people should use public transportations more often. However, public transportations have their own positive and negative sides and the following essay will discuss them in details.
It is undeniable, that public transportations have some weaknesses. Some people still choose to use their own private vehicles, though the government has encouraged them to use public transports. It is because public transportations are not as safe as private cars and some criminal activities on public buses or trains such as pocket thieves are still being reported. And then public transportations are not reliable in terms of preciseness and accuracy. Many people have complained about the preciseness and the consistency of these public transportations schedules, which impacted to their work or study time.
Despite its weakness points, public transportations bring a lot of benefits for individuals and societies. Firstly, it is clear that the existence of public transportations will automatically reduce traffic problems. Secondly, if the utilisation of public transportations increased, it means that there will be a reduction in the consumption of fossil fuels. Consequently, it will reduce air pollution and global warming issues. Therefore, the governments should encourage their residents to use public transportations.
In conclusion, people have different opinions about public transportations. Some people enjoy using them, while others choose to use their own personal vehicles. Although public transportations have some weaknesses, I do believe that the benefits outweighed the drawbacks. I also suggest that the government should improve the public transportation services, therefore more and more people are attracted to use public transportations.
[ Written by - Darwin Lesmana ]
Model Answer 2:
Transportation is playing an important role in every nation's development process and this is an important aspect of our life for mobility. Some people believe that private car is the best mean of transportation while others say that public transport service should be used for this purpose. However, as far as I am concerned, I firmly agree that public transport service should be our main mean of transportation. The advantages and demerits of using public transportation are discussed in this essay.
The very first advantage of using public transportation service is that it reduced the burning of fossil fuel. We all know that fuels like petrol and diesel take million of years to make. Therefore if we do not decrease the usage level of these fuels then in future it will be diminished. So to make sure that it will not happen in future, we need to save these fuels as much as possible. The very first step towards it is the usage of public transport service. Since a public transportation can carry a large number of passengers it reduced the overall fuel consumption. Thus it helps to reduce the air and environmental pollutions.
Secondly, more pollution will be generated if we opt to use private cars for transportation. The more personal cars on the road, the more pollution it will generate. So if we use bus or train for roaming then we can fulfil our part to decrease the environmental pollutions. Further, transportation cost is cheaper in the case of public transportation. Another aspect is the accident risk. In private cars, the probability of accident on road has increased dramatically. Last but not least, public transportation increases your social contacts. Your social life will scatter with the use of government transport service.
Every coin has two sides and that is true for the usage of public transportation as well. Firstly, public buses or trains take more time to travel to some place. It does not take any shortcuts and also runs in limited speed. On the other hand, with a private car, you can go to any place in a very short time. Secondly, public transport service is limited. One has to make sure that he/she has the timetable of public buses or trains. If one does not have timing record, then it generates some hurdles for the travellers. There is little privacy on public transportation and you can’t relax in a crammed public bus or train.
All in all, I would conclude by saying that public transport service has more advantages than its disadvantages. Further, I like to suggest that buses or trains should our main transportation types. Private cars should be used for urgent needs only. Otherwise, public transportations should be used. It will save our environment.
[ Written by - Satwinder Singh ]