|Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee|
January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Sander Levin|
|Succeeded by||Paul Ryan|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Michigan's 4th district
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Fred Upton|
|Succeeded by||John Moolenaar|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Michigan's 10th district
January 3, 1991 – January 3, 1993
|Preceded by||Bill Schuette|
|Succeeded by||David Bonior|
|Member of the Michigan House of Representatives|
from the 102nd district
January 1, 1989 – December 31, 1990
|Preceded by||Michael D. Hayes|
|Succeeded by||James McNutt|
|Born||David Lee Camp|
(1953-07-09) July 9, 1953 (age 64)
Midland, Michigan, U.S.
|Alma mater||Albion College|
University of San Diego
David Lee Camp (born July 9, 1953) is a former politician who served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1991 to 2015. Camp represented Michigan's 4th congressional district since 1993, and previously served one term representing Michigan's 10th congressional district. A member of the Republican Party, Camp was chairman of the House Committee on Ways and Means, serving from 2011–2015. In March 2014, he announced that he would not run for re-election.
Early life, education, and law career
Camp was born in Midland, Michigan, the son of Norma L. (Nehil) and Robert D. Camp. He graduated from H.H. Dow High School in 1971. He attended the University of Sussex, Brighton, England, 1973–1974 and earned his Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude, in 1975 from Albion College in Albion, Michigan. He earned a Juris Doctor from the University of San Diego School of Law in 1978. From 1979-91, he was a partner with the law firm Riecker, Van Dam & Barker in Midland, Michigan.
Camp was diagnosed with early-stage non-Hodgkins large B-cell lymphoma in 2012. After several months of chemotherapy, Camp announced he was cancer-free in December 2012.
Early political career
Camp worked as a member of the Midland County, Michigan board of canvassers and a member of the Midland County Republican executive committee[when?]. For 4 years he was special assistant to the Michigan attorney general from 1980 to 1984. He served another 4 years on the staff of his boyhood friend U.S. RepresentativeBill Schuette (R-MI) from 1984 to 1987, before running and winning Michigan's 102nd District of the Michigan House of Representatives in 1988 and serving one term.
U.S. House of Representatives
Main article: United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012 § District 4
When U.S. Congressman Schuette of Michigan's 10th congressional district decided in 1990 to run for the U.S. Senate against incumbent U.S. Senator Carl Levin, Camp ran to replace him and won the endorsement of his former boss. In the Republican primary he faced former U.S. Congressman James Dunn and former State Senator Alan Cropsey. Despite trailing Dunn in early polls, Camp won the Republican primary with a plurality of 33%. He defeated Cropsey (30%), Allen (19%), Dunn (18%), and Simcox (1%). He won the general election with 65% of the vote.
After redistricting, he decided to run in Michigan's 4th congressional district. He won the general election with 62% of the vote. He never won re-election with less than 61% of the vote and never had a primary challenge.
Camp served on the House Committee on Agriculture. For his work on behalf of Michigan agriculture, Camp received the Golden Plow Award in 1998, the American Farm Bureau Federation's highest honor given to only one Member of the House in each Congress.
In the 108th Congress, he served as a deputy majority whip and served on the House Ways and Means Committee. Speaker Denny Hastert chose Camp to serve on the Select United States House Committee on Homeland Security, which had been created by the House of Representatives on January 7, 2003. While on the committee Camp was the Chairman of the Subcommittee on Infrastructure and Border Security, where he helped develop policies to secure U.S. land and maritime borders in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
109th and 110th Congresses
Camp was the Ranking Member of the Subcommittee on Health, and Chairman of the Subcommittee on Select Revenue Measures, respectively. He served seven terms as a Member of the Subcommittee on Human Resources, and six terms as a Member of the Subcommittee on Trade. As a junior Member of the committee in 1996, Camp played a role in the passage of welfare reform legislation, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act.
Camp served as Ranking Member of the full committee on Ways and Means. During his tenure as Ranking Member, Camp helped advance Republican alternatives to the 2009 stimulus law and 2010 health care law. The Camp alternative to the 2009 stimulus law would have cut taxes and provided incentives for small businesses to hire new employees. He also offered an alternative plan during the 2010 debate on health care reform.
Camp was one of three House Republicans appointed by then-Minority Leader John Boehner (R-OH) to serve on the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform, commonly known as the Bowles-Simpson Commission, formed in February 2010. It was charged with identifying policies to improve the U.S. fiscal situation in the medium term, and to achieve fiscal sustainability over the long term. While on the Commission, Camp co-led the Tax Reform Working Group and was a member of the Mandatory Spending Working Group.
Camp was involved in the House Republicans' January 2011 repeal efforts of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. While the Senate has not taken action on full repeal of the Democrats' 2010 health care law, Camp lead the repeal of the health care law's 1099 tax reporting requirement, which some small businesses said would hurt their operations and ability to employ workers.
Camp introduced the Promoting Adoption and Legal Guardianship for Children in Foster Care Act into the House on September 27, 2013. The bill reauthorized the Adoption Incentives Program that focuses on helping states to find adoptive parents for foster children and passed the House on October 22, 2013. Camp later introduced the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (H.R. 4980; 113th Congress) which passed the House on July 23, 2014.
On June 26, 2014, Camp introduced the Improving Medicare Post-Acute Care Transformation Act of 2014 (H.R. 4994; 113th Congress), a bill intended to change and improve Medicare's post-acute care (PAC) services and how they are reported on.
- Building a Better America Caucus
- International Conservation Caucus
- Life Insurance Caucus
- Sportsmen's Caucus
- Zero Capital Gains Tax Caucus
- Congressional Cement Caucus
Positions and policies
"I'm a conservative on fiscal policy, but I'm a moderate on some other issues," he told Congressional Quarterly in 2006. He told National Review in 2007 that he feels "more at home" with the conservative Republican Steering Committee. Camp is part of the moderate bloc through his participation in the Main Street Partnership. He generally voted along party lines in the House, siding with Republicans 93.7 percent of the time during the 111th Congress. The American Conservative Union gave him a lifetime rating of 89 percent, his score with the Club for Growth is considerably lower. Camp voted for both the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Central American Free Trade Agreement. Camp opposes abortion and same-sex marriage. He voted twice for President George W. Bush's tax cuts, and supports their full extension. He pushed for private accounts for Social Security and he supports drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. Camp supported the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, and he backed President Bush's decision to send more troops to Iraq in 2007 with some reservations. In August 2013 Camp announced his support for reforming welfare again. He believes that many safety net programs do not have enough requirements attached to them for people to receive benefits.
Camp introduced the Tax Reform Act of 2014 on February 26, 2014. The congressional nonpartisan Joint Committee on Taxation calculated the bill would allow 95 percent of filers to get the lowest tax rate possible by claiming the standard deduction, would create up to 1.8 million jobs and increase gross domestic product by up to 1.4% in 2023.
Approximately one year after announcing his decision not to run for re-election to Congress, it was announced that Camp would be joining prominent accounting firm PricewaterhouseCoopers as a senior policy advisor.
- ^"Dave Camp to retire after his current term". The Washington Post. March 31, 2014. Retrieved March 31, 2014.
- ^"David Lee Camp". rootsweb.com. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- ^"Dave Camp says he's cancer-free". Washington Post. December 18, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- ^"Rep. Camp to undergo treatment for cancer". The Hill. July 28, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- ^"Rep. Dave Camp votes on Obamacare". healthreformvotes.org. February 26, 2016. Retrieved February 26, 2016.
- ^"Dave Camp (R-Mich.)". Whorunsgov.com. December 21, 2011. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- ^"MI District 10 – R Primary Race". Our Campaigns. August 7, 1990. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- ^"MI District 10 Race". Our Campaigns. November 6, 1990. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- ^"MI District 4 Race". Our Campaigns. November 3, 1992. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- ^"Candidate – Dave Camp". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- ^"H.R. 3205 – All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved 25 October 2013.
- ^"H.R. 4980 – All Actions". United States Congress. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- ^"Lawmakers Unveil Draft Legislation To Reform Post-Acute Care Payments". Bloomberg BNA. March 19, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
- ^"Dave Camp (R-Mich.)". The Washington Post. December 21, 2011. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- ^"Camp calls for new round of welfare reforms". The Ripon Advance. August 28, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
- ^Camp, David (February 25, 2014). "Dave Camp: How to Fix Our Appalling Tax Code Every year Americans spend more than six billion hours and $168 billion to file their returns"(opinion). WSJ. Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
- ^The Joint Committee on Taxation (February 26, 2014). "ESTIMATED REVENUE EFFECTS OF THE "TAX REFORM ACT OF 2014"". JCX-21-14. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. p. 5. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- ^The Joint Committee on Taxation (February 26, 2014). "MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF THE "TAX REFORM ACT OF 2014"". JCX-22-14. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. p. 25. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
- ^"Former House Ways & Means Chairman Dave Camp Joins PwC US". PwC.
Kerry Bentivolio (born October 6, 1951) was the United States Representative for Michigan's 11th congressional district, in office from 2013 to 2015. Bentivolio, a Republican, defeated Democratic nominee Syed Taj, a physician, in the November 6, 2012 election. The seat was vacated by Representative Thaddeus McCotter, who resigned from Congress on July 6, 2012, and was briefly held by Democrat David Curson of Belleville, Michigan. He was defeated for the Republican nomination in his bid for a second term by attorney David Trott. He launched a write-in campaign for the November 2014 general election but lost again to Trott.
Bentivolio worked as a designer in the automotive industry for twenty years, followed by teaching for fifteen years in schools and institutions. He is an Army veteran who served in the Vietnam War, the Gulf War, and the Iraq War.
Bentivolio was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1951. Bentivolio was raised in the Detroit area with four brothers. His father, a factory worker, served in World War II, while his grandfather served in World War I. He attended Oakland Community College from 1971 to 1983 where he earned an associate degree in Liberal Arts. He received his Bachelor of Arts in Social Science from Saint Mary's College in Michigan in 1999. He transferred to Michigan State University in East Lansing to attend further courses in 1989 and met his future wife, Karen. Later, he earned a master's degree in Education from Marygrove College in 2001.
Bentivolio enlisted in the United States Army in November 1968 and served in Vietnam from 1970 to 1971 as an infantry rifleman. After a break in service, he later joined the Army National Guard in Michigan as a reservist and served for more than 20 years. Bentivolio was trained as an MLRS/HIMARS crewmember. He served on the home front during Operation Desert Storm and was deployed to Iraq in 2007 with an Artillery unit as a senior human resources sergeant performing combat convoy missions. He retired as a sergeant first class after a neck injury in 2008. Bentivolio's awards include the Meritorious Service Medal, Army Commendation Medal, Army Achievement Medal, and the Combat Infantryman Badge.
Bentiviolio has worked as an autoworker, reindeer rancher, automotive designer, teacher, commercial home builder, Santa Claus for hire, and amateur actor before running for political office. He taught in private schools, public schools, and adult education institutions.
Bentivolio said he took up acting in movies to get rid of his stage fright in front of cameras. In 2010, he acted in the low budget movie Lucy's Law in the role of a TV News reporter. In 2011, he appeared in another low budget political satire, The President Goes to Heaven.
In 2010, Bentivolio ran for the Michigan Senate for the 15th District but was defeated by Mike Kowall in the primary. During the election, Bentivolio acknowledged that he had filed for bankruptcy in 1992 after homes he had built as a commercial builder did not sell, and Bentivolio faced judgments from creditor's collection suits in the Michigan counties of Oakland and Livingston. Bentivolio also acknowledged having been involved in a lawsuit involving one of the creditors to whom he had owed money at that time; Bentivolio had started a new business doing Santa Claus appearances, and had obtained an appearance at the White House during the presidency of George H. W. Bush. Bentivolio called a news conference in Milford, whereupon the creditor complained and newspapers reported on the bankruptcy story. Bentivolio sued the vendor and several newspapers for slander and libel.
In 2011, Bentivolio announced his candidacy for Michigan's 11th congressional district seat in the U.S. House of Representatives and was considered a long-shot to defeat incumbent Thaddeus McCotter for the Republican nomination. However, Bentivolio's campaign was aided by reports that McCotter failed to qualify for the primary after failing to turn in the required minimum number of signatures to be on the ballot. McCotter's campaign released a statement on May 25, 2012 conceding that there were not enough valid signatures turned in with his ballot petition.
Although McCotter initially announced he would mount a write-in campaign for the seat, he opted to retire at the end of his term. However, McCotter unexpectedly resigned on July 6, 2012, causing a scramble for the vacant nomination. Bentivolio faced former state senator Nancy Cassis, a write-in candidate, for the district's Republican primary. Cassis and her supporters drew attention to the 2011 film The President Goes to Heaven in which Bentivolio had a prominent role as a doctor tending to a fictional president resembling George W. Bush. In the movie, a fictional president instigates the September 11, 2001 attacks in a plot to justify the invasion of Iraq, but cannot get to heaven until he converts to Islam. Bentivolio pointed out the film was a work of fiction. On August 7, 2012, Bentivolio defeated Cassis and won the district's Republican nomination, pitting him against Democratic nominee Syed Taj, a physician, in the November 6, 2012 election.
In August 2012, news reports stated that Bentivoio had been reprimanded for threatening students at Fowlerville High School. Bentivolio said the allegations were false and politically motivated. On November 1, 2012, five days before the general election, Phillip Bentivolio of Little Rock, Arkansas, the estranged brother of Bentivolio, told the Michigan Information and Research Service (MIRS) that his brother owed him $20,000 for houses they built together in Arkansas 20 years earlier. Phillip also accused his brother of being "mentally imbalanced" and "dishonest". Bentivolio responded by telling MIRS that his brother called for the first time in 20 years and threatened to go to the press if Bentivolio didn't pay him $20,000. He said he became worried about Phillip's mental state and reported him to the Little Rock Police Department, which confirmed that officers visited and checked on Phillip's condition.
On November 6, 2012, Bentivolio lost the special election for the remaining months of McCotter's term in 112th Congress to David Curson, but won the general election and became representative-elect for the 11th Congressional District.
Bentivolio faced an August 5, 2014 Republican Primary challenge for the Michigan's 11th congressional district seat from lawyer David Trott who announced his bid on September 4, 2013. He was defeated by Trott in the primary, making him the third incumbent defeated in a Republican primary in 2014. He served out the rest of his term. However, Congressman Bentivolio mounted what The Hill described as a lackluster write-in campaign for the November 2014 election to continue serving in his seat.
Bentivolio finished the general election behind Trott, Democratic challenger, Bobby McKenzie, and Libertarian candidate John Tatar, and will relinquish his seat in January.
A May 20–22 poll of likely Republican primary voters run by Target Insyght and commissioned by MIRS (Michigan Information & Research Service, Inc.) showed Rep. Bentivolio leading Trott 33% to 21%. The poll also showed a significant unfavorability rating for Trott among the Republicans surveyed.
A July 12–13 poll commissioned by the Detroit Free Press and WXYZ-TV indicated that Bentivolio's support had dropped considerably in the face of a strong media barrage from the Trott campaign; Trott led in the poll of likely Republican primary voters 53%–31%, with 16% undecided.
In the Republican primary, Trott defeated Bentivolio by 42,008 votes (66.4%) to 21,254 (33.6%).
After his defeat, Bentivolio announced that he was running a write-in campaign. He alleged that after Trott won the primary, the Trott campaign "kept up the attacks, but they expanded it beyond me. After they won the race, they continued to beat up me, my family members, as well as my staff... I put them on notice: If they didn't stop I'm probably going to end up doing a write-in campaign. And they didn't stop." The Trott campaign has denied this, saying that "nothing like that occurred." Bentivolio does not think he will win, or even "get enough votes to keep [Trott] from getting elected... all I'm concerned about is getting people who want a voice through a protest vote to do a protest vote."
Bentivolio originally sought to run for Congress in 2016 as a Republican again, however he abandoned these plans and launched a short lived bid to seek the Libertarian nomination for Vice President. Former Massachusetts Governor William Weld would ultimately receive the Libertarian nomination. On July 21, 2016, Bentivolio announced he would seek a re-match with Trott in the 11th District, this time attempting to do so as an independent. Bentivolio submitted more than the minimum 3,000 signatures that are required to gain a spot on the November general election ballot as a non-party affiliated candidate and was placed on the ballot.
Bentivolio describes himself as a conservative with libertarian ideals on most issues and has been endorsed by the Tea Party Express. He strongly supports the right to bear arms.
He describes freedom of speech as "vital to our society." According to his campaign website, he opposes "any measures to regulate speech on the Internet, or to license and regulate the behavior of Internet service providers."
According to Young Americans for Liberty, he supports a non-interventionist foreign policy.
According to Electful.com, Bentivolio is pro-life. Bentivolio's campaign website says that he opposes federal subsidies for abortion providers, foreign aid that "supports abortion in other nations" and requirements that religious institutions provide coverage for abortion as part of federally mandated health plans. Bentivolio's website also notes that he is endorsed by the pro-life group Right to Life Michigan.
He seeks to reduce regulation and bureaucracy, cut taxes, cut government spending, and discontinue government investment in some industries.
In response to a request from a concerned citizen in his district, Bentivolio promised to hold a hearing concerning the "chemtrails" conspiracy theory.
In a video published on August 23, 2013, from a town hall meeting in his district, Congressman Bentivolio said it would be a "dream come true" to submit a bill with articles of impeachment for President Barack Obama. Bentivolio admitted to not having any outright evidence and instead requesting the advice of "lawyers, [with] PhDs in history" to "Tell me how I can impeach the president of the United States."
During the United States federal government shutdown of 2013, Bentivolio was one of the 144 House Republicans who voted against legislation to end the government shutdown. In explaining his vote, he said that the new health care mandate should be delayed for individuals as it was for businesses.
Bentivolio's two-year term began on January 3, 2013.
As a Representative, Bentivolio sponsored 13 bills, including:
Bentivolio's wife Karen is a registered nurse. They have resided in Milford, Michigan since 1982 and live on a small farm raising reindeer trained to pull Santa’s sleigh in various parades and special holiday events within Michigan. They also maintain a small flock of chickens, a 25-hive apiary of honeybees, and a 115-vine vineyard. Bentivolio is an avid sportsman and bass fisherman. He is a novice golfer and enjoys clay pigeon shooting.